Zimbabwe’s ‘Conflict Diamonds’ Controversy and the Flawed Kimberley Process in Marange Fields

By: Prof. Partick Hunt, PhD

Zimbabwe’s Marange Diamond Miners in 2006(Courtesy of the New York Times, December 2011)

Diamonds are one of the most valuable yet controversial African exports, mostly found in the oldest rock contexts on earth. A fairly recent book by Tom Zoellner, The Heartless Stone: A Journey through the World of Diamonds, Deceit and Desire (2006) rightly claimed that the diamond is the stone “that brings misery to millions of people across the world”. This grim and continuing human rights crisis has been often referenced in the ironic use of the word “gemmocracy” instead of “democracy”…

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